# Linear Regression (Predict)¶

## Linear Least Square Regression¶

Linear Least Square Regression is a model to predict a sample’s scalar response based on its features. Its prediction prediction function’s output is linear to samples:

## LASSO Regression¶

LASSO Regression in prediction is the same with linear least square regression. Its major difference against linear least square is training stage.

## Ridge Regression¶

Ridge Regression in prediction is the same with linear least square regression. Its major difference against linear least square is training stage.

## Implementation (inference)¶

Input of predict function are D streams of features, in which D is how many features that predict function process at one cycle. According to prediction model formular, to calculate final result, it has dependency issue. In order to achieve II = 1 to process input data, prediction comes in three stage. Stage 1: Compute sum of D features multiply D weights, name it as partSum. Later D features’ processing does not depend on former D features. It could achieve II = 1. Stage 2: Compute sum of partSum, we allocate a buffer whose length(L) is longer than latency of addition, and add each partSum to different position. 0th partSum will be add to 0th buff, 1st to 1st buff… The L th part Sum will be added to 0th buff. Because L is longer than addition latency, the 0th buff has already finished addition of 0 th buffer. So L th partSum’s addition won’t suffer dependency issue. So Stage 2 could Archieve II = 1. Stage 3: Add L buffs and get final result. This part also does not have dependency issue and could achieve II = 1. Stage 1 - 3 are connected with streams and run dataflow. In this way, we could achieve II = 1 in total.

The correctness of Linear Regression/LASSO Regression/Ridge Regression is verified by comparing results with Spark mllib. The results are identical.